Linux is ready for the corporate desktop, and the forthcoming version of Novell Inc.'s
Linux Desktop offering will go head-to-head against Windows, Novell executives
said this week at the company's annual BrainShare gathering in Salt Lake City.
Novell is currently developing Linux Desktop 10, which will
lift the application suite from its current role targeting specific workgroups
to mainstream enterprise deployment, according to Nat Friedman, vice president
of desktop and collaboration engineering at Novell.
Currently, Linux on the desktop has been adopted primarily by
technology groups and the public sector. "The next release of [Novell] Linux
Desktop will be ready to compete with Windows," Friedman said.
Novell's Linux Desktop 9 includes a desktop operating system,
Novell's edition of the OpenOffice.org office productivity suite, Mozilla
Firefox, a multinetwork instant-messaging client and the Novell Evolution
open-source collaboration client, as well as technical support.
New features in Linux Desktop 10 will include a desktop search
feature dubbed Beagle and a desktop note-taking technology called Tomboy. Also
planned for the release, due out next year, is F-Spot, a personal photo
management application. Beagle is designed to search documents, e-mail, instant
messages, Web history, source code, music files, PowerPoint files and other
"What [Beagle] does is it indexes everything in your life,"
Friedman said, adding that with Beagle, instant messages, mail and Web pages can
all be filtered by type. "Microsoft does not have that right now. They have been
promising it for some time."
The Beagle search function, which beats Microsoft's
long-promised WinFS search functions to market, is a clear indication of one of
the biggest advantages of open-source: the compacted development cycle fueled by
the large community of developers, according to Friedman.
"We are outpacing Microsoft on the desktop. The Linux desktop
has been in development for less time than Windows, and we are already
surpassing them," he said.
F-Spot and Beagle were built using the Mono Project
open-source development environment. F-Spot was developed by Larry Ewing, the
creator of Tux the penguin, the famous Linux mascot.
F-Spot lets users drag and drop icons, such as people, places
and favorites, onto thumbnail images of the photos and then sort them. Images
can be sorted by date, edited and exported to a number of different types of Web
gallery software, including Flickr, Web Gallery and Original (Open Remote Image
Gallery, Initially Not as Lovely).
Friedman sees F-Spot not only as an interesting application,
but also as a proof of concept for Mono. "What is interesting about this program
... is that it was written by one developer in six months," he said.
Several of the Linux Desktop 10 features -- including Beagle,
F-Spot, Tomboy, an Evolution 2.2 plug in and the Mono developer tools -- will
surface in SUSE Linux 9.3, which will be introduced in early April.
Two of the biggest hurdles to wooing users to the Linux
desktop are support and applications.
The biggest challenge is "applications on Windows that don't
exist on Linux," Friedman said. The Mono development environment, an open-source
implementation of the .Net framework, will help meet that challenge by letting
developers create applications to run on Linux.
In addition, Novell is aggressively working to cultivate
relationships with independent software vendors to get more applications on
Linux. Several ISV announcements are expected in the next six months, according
to Jeff Allen, product marketing manager for Novell Linux Desktop.
Linux Desktop also includes technical support. Novell has more
than 800 support engineers around the world, Allen said.
"Support is key," he said. "Novell is really offering a bigger
Reprinted with permission from
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Few people nowadays remember that the IBM PC was
not the first "personal computer" and that MS-DOS was not the first industry
standard operating system. In fact, MS-DOS was but an imperfect copy of the
operating system that really has a claim to that title.
The first generation of personal computers (or microcomputers, as they were
known then) used chips like the Intel 8008, 8080, Zilog Z80, MOS Technology 6502
and Motorola 6800. While some early microcomputers (for example, the Apple II)
used proprietary operating systems, hundreds of different manufacturers licensed
a product called CP/M (as in Control Program / Monitor) made by a company
called Digital Research. Long before the IBM PC and its clones / compatibles,
the CP/M architecture provided for industry standard software that was portable
across hundreds of different brands and models. This was DRI founder Gary
Kildall's main contribution to the software industry. Microsoft simply followed
in DRI's footsteps.